Home blog How will Jilin-1 Satellite Contribute to Resolution of Yemen Conflict?

How will Jilin-1 Satellite Contribute to Resolution of Yemen Conflict?

0 views  2018-08-15 19:01:23

According to Reuters, Israel would deploy its military if Iran were to try to block the Bab al-Mandeb strait that links the Red Sea to the Gulf of Aden, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu said on August 1, 2018.

Saudi Arabia said it was suspending oil shipments through the strait, on the main sea route from the Middle East to Europe, after Yemen’s Iran-aligned Houthis attacked two ships in the waterway.

Saudi Arabia and Iran are in a three-year-old proxy war in Yemen, which lies on the eastern side of Bab al-Mandeb.

Yemen’s Houthis, who have previously threatened to block the strait, said last week they had the naval capability to hit Saudi ports and other Red Sea targets. Iran has not threatened to block Bab al-Mandeb but has said it would block the Strait of Hormuz, at the mouth of the Gulf, if it were prevented from exporting its own oil.

“If Iran will try to block the straits of Bab al-Mandeb, I am certain that it will find itself confronting an international coalition that will be determined to prevent this, and this coalition will also include all of Israel’s military branches,” Netanyahu said at a passing out parade for new naval officers in Haifa. Defence Minister Avigdor Lieberman said in a separate speech at the event that Israel had “recently heard of threats to harm Israeli ships in the Red Sea.” He gave no further details.

Iran threatened the United States a few days ago and may close the Strait of Hormuz to stop oil exports in the region – the threat of the Strait of Hormuz and the situation in the Mande Strait may directly affect the “lifeline” of regional oil supply.

Yemeni Conflict is rapidly becoming a major regional security challenge. The Yemeni Civil War is an ongoing conflict that began in 2015 between two factions, each claiming to constitute the Yemeni government, along with their supporters and allies. Houthi forces controlling the capital Sana’a and allied with forces loyal to the former president Ali Abdullah Saleh have clashed with forces loyal to the government of Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, based in Aden. Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula (AQAP) and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant have also carried out attacks, with AQAP controlling swathes of territory in the hinterlands, and along stretches of the coast. As a reliant of the Hadi government, Saudi Arabia took the lead in intervening in the Yemen Civil War. In the early morning of March 26, 2015, it launched an air strike against the target of the Houthi armed forces in Yemen. Saudi Arabia’s fight against Houthi is intended to counterbalance Iran’s expansion in Yemen. If Saudi Arabia does not intervene, the Shiite Houthi, an agent of Iranian interest, will pose a great threat to Saudi Arabia in the north of Yemen and block Saudi Arabia’s oil routes to the West and Asia in the Red Sea after occupying Aden, another important city in Yemen, and completely subverting the Sunni armed forces in Yemen. At the same time, Saudi Arabia’s coalition forces were also requested by the Yemen government. Yemen Foreign Minister Riad Yassin called on the Arab countries to implement emergency military intervention in Yemen on the 25th. However, for religious and economic reasons, Iran, which is also a Shiite, has secretly supported the Houthi armed forces. On the one hand, by supporting Houthi armed forces to fight Sunni forces in the Yemeni region, on the other hand, using the Houthi forces to attack the tankers in the Red Sea to cause trouble for the United States and other enemies. Simultaneously, Al Qaeda and ISIS in Yemen took the opportunity to control large inland territories during the battle between the two sides.

The Yemeni Civil War is not only a partial conflict, it involves the interests of many countries of the world in the Middle East, but also involves complex religious and economic issues. For these reasons, all parties have adopted various means to exert pressure on the other side, including economic and military aspects. For example, Saudi Arabia formed a coalition force to carry out air strikes against the Houthi armed forces in Yemen; the United States imposed economic sanctions on Iran to restrict its oil exports; Iran implicitly supported the Houthi armed forces against the Hadi government of Yemen, on the one hand controlling the Strait of Hormuz and Mande to limit international shipping in the Middle East and oil exports of other countries.

In order to gain the upper hand in local conflicts and competition for oil transportation routes, all parties are trying to detect enemy military operations. It can be said that whoever gets the first-hand information will take the lead. With the development of modern science and technology, the traditional way of relying on people to detect enemy military actions to obtain information no longer exists, but is replaced by today’s military high technology. All countries in the world attach great importance to the development of military high technology, especially satellite technology that can accurately and quickly obtain information on enemy military deployment. The satellite field has become the fourth dimension battlefield after the land, sea and air, and has an important position in the modern war to determine the direction of war.

The function of satellites in modern warfare lies mainly in the following aspects.

The role of satellites in monitoring modern warfare. It can be said that every region of the world is under the surveillance of remote sensing satellites. Compared with other surveillance methods such as unmanned reconnaissance aircraft, surface ships, and radar on land, remote sensing satellites have a wide range of surveillance and are not easily destroyed by the enemy. Remote sensing satellites also have all-weather, all-day, all-round detection capabilities and high-speed automated processing capabilities, which will become the main means of future war monitoring.

The positioning and navigation of satellites in modern warfare. Usually military operations are accompanied by specialized navigation satellites. At present, the world’s four major satellite navigation systems are the United States’ Global Positioning System (GPS), the former Soviet/Russian Global Navigation Satellite System (GLONASS), the European Space Agency’s Galileo Satellite System, and China’s BeiDou Navigation Satellite System. The US-owned “GPS” satellite positioning system was first applied in the Gulf War in 1991, and it has achievedmade a lot of achievements. Under the high-precision three-dimensional navigation signals of multiple satellites, the maneuvering, combat and supporting capabilities of the troops have been greatly improved.

The real-time feedback function of satellites in modern warfare. In modern warfare, some military powers have their own military communications satellites, enabling them to ensure that information is quickly passed between the command and frontline forces during the combat. The United States was the first to deploy a defense satellite system in the world. From 1962 to 1984, the United States deployed a total of 68 three-generation defense communications satellites, enabling the military command to strategize and win thousands of miles. It is said that the US President’s command to the global front-line forces is only three minutes. For example, in the 1991 Gulf War, 90% of the warfare transmitted by the frontline commander of the multinational force to the Pentagon was transmitted by satellite.

Many countries regard military satellites as an important part of national defense competition and let it play a crucial role in modern warfare. But for some countries with weak military capabilities and no independent satellite capabilities, they will be passive in modern warfare. For example, in Yemen, after the civil war, it could only allow Saudi Arabia and other military powers in the Middle East to block its airspace and carry out precise bombing of its domestic armed forces. So how can these countries with less developed national defense strength reverse the passive situation in the war? Changguang Satellite Company’s “Jilin-1” satellite can provide satellite products and satellite services to these countries, helping countries without satellite technology to get rid of their disadvantages in modern warfare.

The Chang Guang Satellite Technology is a world’s leading commercial satellite producer, operator and remote sensing information service provider. The “Jinlin-1” constellation we developed and operated was successfully launched on October 7th, 2015, with 10 in-orbit satellites up till now. It is capable of delivering most timely remote sensing information services.

According to the three functions of satellite in modern warfare, “Jilin-1” constellation can provide the users with the technical support of imaging, positioning, real-time tracking feedback.

In satellite imaging, Changguang Satellite’s “Jilin-1” constellation can provides high-resolution, high-resolution satellite imagery and satellite video. The satellite image of Jilin-1 is better than 0.7m in full-color resolution, and the multi-spectral resolution is better than 3m, which can show delicate details of detail, depth image analysis and application. Also “Jilin-1” can shoot 120s 4K HD gaze color video with resolution better than which can be able to easily capture the dynamic targets and intelligence.

This satellite image is a port in the Middle East where Changguang Satellite Technology Co., Ltd. used its “Jilin-1” optical A star to shoot on June 8, 2018. Thanks to the high resolution of “Jilin-1”, we can clearly understand the geographical environment of the port and the size of its port and the number of vessels entering the port. [Image/Changguang Satellite Technology]

This image is an air base shot by Changguang Satellite Company. From the figure, we can see the terrain around the air base, the number and size of the runways. The satellite image can help the military have a detailed understanding of the air base. [Image/Changguang Satellite Technology]

Through Leveraging the satellite imagery of the Changguang satelliteSatellite Technology, the weak parties in the Yemeni conflict can also accurately and quickly understand the deployment of the enemy’s military forces, and use this to make countermeasures and reduce their own casualties.

Changguang Satellite can not only provide users with high-quality satellite maps, but also provide users with real-time location services. After taking a satellite image of a specific area according to user requirements, Changguang will pass the geographic coordinates of the shooting location to the user to help users make more precise bombardment or missile strike.

This is an international airport located in the Middle East by Changguang Satellite Corporation on May 10, 2018. The satellite image provides not only provides basic information such as the geographical environment of the airport and the construction of the airport, but also provides its geographical coordinates which is 18°18′25″N 42°48′33″E. [Image/Changguang Satellite Technology]

With the technical support of Changguang Satellite, the countries with weak military strength can not only accurately and quickly know the enemy’s military deployment, but also can systematically counterattack the enemy according to the geographical coordinates provided by Changguang Satellite Company and change its passive state in the war.

The above mentioned is the technical advantage of Changguang Satellite, but the situation on the battlefield is changing rapidly. Only a momentary information is not enough. Therefore, Changguang Satellite can also provide real-time feedback to users. This is due to its world-leading satellite revisit cycle. The in-orbit “Jilin-1” constellation consists of altogether 10 satellites which is able to make two revisits daily to any location on the earth.

China has always adhered to the foreign policy of peaceful coexistence and hopes for world peace. Today, in the turmoil in Yemen, China has always insisted that the Yemeni conflict be resolved by political negotiations, replacing war with peace and opposing major countries’ interference in the internal affairs of other countries. And President Xi Jinping advocates countries along the Belt and Road, and can cooperate sincerely and seek common development. As a high-tech enterprise in China, Changguang Satellite Company also hopes that peace can be achieved in the Middle East and we hope to contribute our greatest efforts to help the Middle East achieve peace by our satellite service.

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