0 views 2018-08-25 00:32:35
When we mention the architecture, some people will say it is just the house we live in, others will say the architecture is more than just a building, it is still an artwork with soul. Speaking of the world’s famous buildings, even if we are ordinary people, we can also say a few well-known names: Beijing’s Forbidden City, Bird’s Nest, Water Cube, Taipei 101, New York’s Empire State Building, etc. As time goes by, only these buildings still remain the same. These buildings witness the historical changes of each city and the rise of new skyscrapers one by one. When we walk in the core of the city, we can always be shocked by some unique and strangely designed skyscrapers. Today, let us get into the artworks that stand in the city and the architectures that rush to the clouds.
Speaking of Beijing, a city that has a long history of 5,000 years in China, the first thing that comes to our minds is the ancient buildings such as the Forbidden City and the Summer Palace, followed by new architectures such as the Bird’s Nest and the Water Cube. The former bears the history of China, and the latter marks the take-off of the Chinese economy. With China making more and more money and the material life getting better and better, people are not only satisfied with the normal life of eating and drinking, but also more and more yearning for the high quality spiritual life. We began to look back and look for those Chinese cultures that were lost in economic development. Not only people do this, but also the architectures do it as well. The China Zun respect of Chinese traditional culture and modern architectural concept was built in this background.
China Zun, located in the Z15 plot in the core area of Beijing’s business center, is the tallest landmark in Beijing with a combination of A-class office buildings, conferences, and commercial services. The building is 528 meters with 108 floors above ground and 7 floors underground (with no mezzanine). It can accommodate 12,000 people and is the headquarters building of CITIC Group.
China Zun, the name comes from ancient Chinese rituals, Zun. Zun means respect. When the ancient people toast, Zun needs to be held to the top which represents an indomitable spirit. Taking Zun as the architectural form, it is different from the common linear form of Beijing’s skyscrapers, which makes the building in the core area of the CBD also clearly reflect the solemn oriental charm. The meaning of “China Zun” is not only reflected in the form of architecture, but also in its special geographical position and the important responsibility of being the first high building in Beijing. The architectural design scheme is not only the beauty of the architectural form, but also conforms to the traditional aesthetics of the Chinese people, while at the same time not losing the fashion atmosphere. Therefore, it is highly praised by many experts as a contemporary architectural style that is highly aesthetic in China and reflects the trend of the world.
There are four main points in “China Zun”’s design elements and concepts: Zun, bamboo weave, Kongming light, and the city gate.
Element 1 “Zun”, the architectural concept of Z15 is derived from the image of “Chinese traditional rituals – Zun”. The building tower is straight into the clouds, showing a strong position. Its shape is naturally reduced from the bottom up, and the top is gradually enlarged, eventually forming a hyperbolic architectural shape with a slight contraction in the middle, which makes the building in the core area of the CBD also clearly reflect the solemn oriental charm.
Element 2 “Bamboo weave”, looking at the appearance of the building, the bottom-up diamond mechanism is very impressive. This mechanism is chosen from one of the traditional Chinese utensils – bamboo pole. The mechanism of the layered diamond shape is from the bottom to the up, which not only reveals the gracefulness of the bamboo weaving, but also the beautiful blooming of the lotus flower.
Element 3 “Kongming Light”, the space design at the top of the building is taken from the shape image of the “Kongming Light”. After the lights are lit at night, its transparent and light headspace seems to rise into the sky which symbolizes the take-off of CBD’s economy.
Element 4 “City gate”, from the perspective of regional space design, the design introduces the concept of “city gate”. Looking from the south side to the north, many skyscrapers are extended on both sides of the central green axis. The overall plan has a strong sense of order and orientation, highlighting the “China Zun” and thus forming the urban form of the iconic portal of the CBD core area. It also means that Beijing stands in a new starting point to dialogue with the world.
The two satellite images were taken on November 26, 2017 and January 28, 2018, respectively. Through the high resolution and high definition of the satellite, we can visually see this skyscraper standing in the core area of the Beijing CBD. The new CCTV building and the third phase of Guomao are also inferior to the “China Zun”. China Zun makes the world respect China once again.
Responding to “China Zun” for the distant, a skyscraper that also reflects the traditional Chinese culture stands in China’s Treasure Island, Taiwan, which is the Taipei 101. The skyscraper was designed by architect Li Zuyuan in the Xinyi District of Taipei, Taiwan. It was officially opened on December 31, 2004. The 508-meter-high Taipei 101 was not only the world’s tallest building at that time, but its construction also successfully announced the arrival of the TAIPEI101 era.
The design concept of Taipei 101 transcends the design concept of a single quantity, with the Chinese auspicious number “eight” as the design unit. Each of the eight floors is a structural unit that is connected to each other and stacked on top of each other to form a whole. The shape of Taipei 101 is similar to the ancient Chinese pagoda. The shape of the building is rising, symbolizing the endless life of traditional Chinese architecture. The rhythmic beauty formed by its appearance has created a new style of international skyscrapers.
Don’t rush to sleep at night, walk in the streets of Taipei to experience the comfortable life of Taiwan compatriots. If you like the night scene and want to take a look at this city that has been famous of Asia since 2004, then Taipei 101 is your best place to go. Take the world’s fastest elevator (16 meters per second) in just 37 seconds to reach the indoor viewing platform on the 89th floor, where you can see the entire city of Taipei.
The Taipei 101 under the satellite is even more impressive. It stands out among other buildings in Taipei. From it, we can feel the pride of the Taiwan compatriots in the early 21st century after the take-off of Taiwan’s economy.
After talking about two Chinese skyscrapers, let’s take a look at the foreign buildings with a design aesthetic and ethnic style. First the U-shaped skyscraper designed by the Oiio architectural design studio – the big bend. Oiio hopes to create the longest building in the world by bending a skyscraper in half. The Big Bend is a curved, 4,000 foot-long skyscraper planned on Manhattan’s Billionaire’s Row. It’s no secret that there is a space issue in Manhattan. Architects build up because there is no room to build out. But developers try to maximize their property’s height in order to infuse it with the prestige of a high rise structure to get the license of expensive price. So Oiio comes up with one idea to bend the skyscraper. “If we manage to bend our structure instead of bending the zoning rules of New York, we would be able to create one of the most prestigious buildings in Manhattan,” reads the building proposal on Oiio’s website. Oiio’s inspiration is to design buildings with larger loads based on the use of limited space heights and scarce land resources.
From the rendering of the big bend, this 600-meter-high skyscraper requires only a limited amount of land resources to build. I hope that this lively new building will provide more inspiration for the construction industry with limited space resources in the future.
The last building we are going to talk about is known as the world’s tallest building and artificial structure – the Burj Khalifa. The Burj Khalifa was built in 2004. On the evening of January 4, 2010, the Dubai chief unveiled the curtain on the “Dubai Tower” monument and renamed it “Burj Khalifa”. The Burj Khalifa is 828 meters high with 162 floors and a cost of $1.5 billion. Burj Khalifa is used as a service and sightseeing outside the trade economy. Dubai has a population of 2.26 million. Most of the land is still desert (covering more than 90% of the land) or sparse population distribution. The plan to build the world’s tallest building is an important way to enhance the international visibility of Dubai and the country.
Designed by SOM, it is known for its skyscraper such as the Sears Tower in Chicago and the Freedom Tower in New York. The Burj Khalifa is designed in an Islamic style with a “Y” shape on the floor and a three-building structure that gradually merges into a core. Spiral rising from the desert, reducing the profile of the building makes it more straight to the sky. To the top, the central core is transformed into a minaret, and the Y-shaped floor also gives the Burj Khalifa a greater view. The design of the Y-shaped floor is inspired by the Desert Flower Spider Orchid, which maximizes the structural integrity and allows people to enjoy the fascinating landscape of the Arabian Gulf. At the center of the building is a hexagonal “buttress core” with reinforced concrete structures. The floors are spirally arranged to withstand the raging desert storm. The reason why Burj Khalifa has won many awards is because it inherits the unique style of Islamic architecture.
The construction of high-rise buildings is generally regarded as a symbol of strong economic strength and superb technical level. Therefore, the “world’s highest” competition has always been a highly competitive project, and the construction process of Burj Khalifa is also a process of continuously breaking the world record.
From the high-definition satellite image we can see that the Burj Khalifa stands proudly in the desert. Around it, other buildings can only be a foil. The completion of the Burj Khalifa not only symbolizes the solid economic strength of the UAE, but also symbolizes the spirit of the UAE people to cope with the harsh natural environment. Like the process of building the Tower of Heaven described in the Bible, Burj Khalifa also embodies the sweat and wisdom of the workers of many nations in the world. At the busiest time of construction, 12,000 workers and contractors from more than 100 countries gathered on the site every day. Therefore, this skyscraper is not only the pride of the UAE people, but also the pride of all mankind.
The above four skyscrapers show us the artistic beauty of the building. Moreover, the design concepts of these buildings are all related to the historical culture and regional construction concepts of the country. This also proves to us a fact that national uniqueness leads to the path of global acceptance and the building with soul connotation is the development direction of the construction industry.
Moreover, due to the super high-rise design of the skyscraper, the construction workers could not intuitively grasp the construction of the top part and the construction progress of the entire building. In this case, Changguang Satellite Technology Company can use its technical advantages to assist in the construction and monitoring of super high-rise buildings. Free from the disturbance of topographic and ground obstacles, “Jilin-1” satellite constellation can constantly detect the same area within a short period, observing intuitively the dynamic changes and the construction progress from the higher space, and sending back all the data in an objective, accurate and timely manner.
As the height of the building continues to increase, the corresponding construction methods and monitoring methods are constantly improving among which the satellite remote sensing technology will become a powerful tool in monitoring project construction by virtue of its excellent remote sensing image processing, visual analytics, identifying and tracking and information extraction technologies.